The inspiration for such an article is derived from “a woman professor of religion” whom I met, and whose teachings I sat under while attending college. Her name and the college I attended is of no importance, although a statement she made one afternoon acquired much of my attention: “There is no biblical support for a trinity – at least there isn’t one verse saying a trinity exists. The idea came from the Council of Nicea around 325 A.D. where the bishops decided a trinity existed after debating the matter.” From that day on I began to uncover the truth for myself. This article is not meant to be an exhaustive historical account from 325 A.D. but simply a list of some of the topics of discussion among this council found through various published works, of which you can search out for yourself if desired, and to show what the bible says relating to these issues. The topics are:
- When should the resurrection be celebrated?
- What is the relationship between the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost – are they all God?
- Was Jesus Christ (the Son) created by God the Father?
When should the resurrection be celebrated?
My wife sometimes gives me a hard time on some of my attributes of character. All of which I deserve, but one of those attributes is how I will often answer a question with a question. I cannot honestly remember when this attribute arose in my life, although I think it might have had something to do with teaching high school for a few years. As a teacher I tried not to give answers, but to help students discover the answer for themselves. I said all that so when asked the question, “When should the resurrection be celebrated?,” I can respond with, “Who said you SHOULD?
All throughout the new testament, there are 2 things (commonly called ordinances) that God commanded of us. one was to preach, teach, and baptize in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost – Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen – Matthew 28:19-20. The second was to “remember the Lord’s death” through partaking of the Lord’s supper. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink the cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come – 1 Corinthians 11:24-26. So, the question I stated above is legitimate. Jesus made a very specific point for us to remember his death and not his resurrection, because in his death is where we have victory over sin and the grave. Through his shed blood we have remission of sins (Ephesians 1:7, Colossians 1:14, and Hebrews 9:22) and Jesus himself stated it is finished upon giving up the ghost on the cross. Therefore, his death takes precedence over the resurrection – so, I ask again: Who said you should celebrate the resurrection?
Please don’t misunderstand me as to what I’m saying. I did not say there was something wrong with celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Nor did I say the resurrection was not important. It holds plenty of importance because His resurrection from the dead proved that He was exactly who He said He was: God manifest in the flesh. I am just simply wondering why the question was even brought up among this council considering there is not a single verse of scripture commanding us to do such a thing.
What is the relationship between the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost – are they all God?
The simple answer to this question is 1 John 5:7 – For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. According to that verse, and John 1:1-14 showing that the Word is Jesus Christ, the members of the Godhead are all one in the same. So, I cannot tell you the condition of my professor’s heart, but here is a single verse supporting the trinity. Some people just don’t know this verse exists simply because it doesn’t exist in many of the modern versions (see the article “Which Bible?”). This should be enough evidence to convince the gainsayer; however, the bible has plenty of evidence to show they are all equal. Consider the few verses below among many that support this matter.
First: God the Holy Ghost = God the Father
- Consider what was said about Ananias and Sapphira in the early church out of the book of Acts – Acts 5:1-4. But a certain man namd Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, And kept back part of the price, his wife also being privy to it, and brought a certain part, and laid it at the apostles’ feet. But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land? Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.
It appears God and the Holy Ghost are one in the same.
- Isaiah 6:8-9: Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, Here am I; send me. And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Notice who was talking here compared to Acts 28:25-26. And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers, Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive.
The Lord and the Holy Ghost must be equal.
- Jeremiah 31:31-34: Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, said the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. Again, notice who was talking here compared to Hebrews 10:15-17. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, (more proof that the Holy Ghost = Lord) I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.
Second: God the Father = Jesus Christ the Son
- Look at the response Jesus gave the Jews about healing on the sabbath, and then how the Pharisees reacted in John 5:16-18. And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the sabbath day. But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work. Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
- The same type thing happened again in John 10:30-33. I and my Father are one. Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
- Now, in response to the Jews’ comment about Jesus “being a man,” He was a man but he was also God. There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it – Ecclesiastes 8:8. So no mere man could simply dismiss his spirit if he wanted to die, but Jesus did on the cross – Luke 23:46. And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.
- Jesus performed many miracles while here on earth: healed the lame and the crippled, cured disease, raised the dead, caused the dumb to speak, and gave sight to the blind. Giving sight to the blind is particularly interesting. Mark 8:22-25: And he cometh to Bethsaida; and they bring a blind man unto him, and besought him to touch him. And he took the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the town; and when he had spit on his eyes, and put his hands upon him, he asked him if he saw ought. And he looked up, and said, I see men as trees, walking. After that he put his hands again upon his eyes, and made him look up: and he was restored, and saw every man clearly. Jesus gave this man sight, and this is interesting because Psalm 146:8 states The LORD openeth the eyes of the blind. Jesus must be God.
- Genesis 1:1 states In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Later in the bible this becomes more specific. Colossians 1:16-17 declares For by him [Jesus] were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or power: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Lastly: God the Holy Ghost = Jesus Christ the Son
Simple algebraic mathematics at this point would prove to you this last point. If God the Holy Ghost = God the Father, and God the Father = Jesus Christ the Son, then God the Holy Ghost = Jesus Christ the Son. It’s the transitive property of equality (if a=b, and b=c, then a=c). And politicians said the word of God doesn’t belong in school. Seems to me they were wrong. However, we won’t allow mathematics to usurp any authority over the word of God, so here is what the bible says.
- Romans 5:8-9: But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
- 1 Peter 1:18: Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
- Here we have to look at a long passage because the sentence covers 8 verses, but we only need 6 to get what we’re after. Colossians 1:9-14: For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God; Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious power, unto all patience and longsuffereing with joyfulness; Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins.
Here are three sections of scripture that plainly state we are redeemed and justified because of the shed blood of Christ. Now, take a look at the verse below.
- Acts 20:28: Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood. The only way these verses cannot be contradictory is if God the Holy Ghost = God the Son.
Was Jesus Christ created by God the Father?
I imagine this question arose from the words that often describe the relationship between God the Father, and Jesus Christ: only begotten Son found in John, Acts, Hebrews, and 1 John, and the only begotten of the Father also found in John. If you will recall the scripture we referenced earlier from Colossians 1:16-17: For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or power: all things were created by him, and for him: and he is before all things, and by him all things consist you can see He was before all things. Even think about what Revelation 1:8 states – I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. Just two verses show how Jesus was there before all things, and that He created all things; therefore, God the Father could not have created God the Son.
One more section of scripture to add to the discussion, one we have also referenced previously, would be John 1:1-3: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. Here is yet more support that Jesus created all things, and that when the beginning started Christ was there. The past-tense use of the word “was” tells us Christ existed before the beginning because He is the beginning! Hallelujah!
With a desire to not complicate the topic at hand, we will just simply skim the surface on the word “begotten” in scripture. The reason for this approach is simple; people will either believe what the bible says by faith about Jesus being both God and man, or they won’t. So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God (Romans 10:17). So you should have enough bible in the paragraphs above to decide if you will, or will not believe the diety and humanity of the Lord Jesus Christ.
The word begotten is found most commonly in the bible’s geneologies. And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech (Genesis 4:18). Two things to note are how the males are primarily used in geneologies, and also that every person who has lived on this earth, besides Adam and Eve, were born from the womb of a woman. Now, the reason the males are primarily mentioned is because children are begotten “by their seed” through the man’s and woman’s acts of procreation. However, for Jesus Christ there were no such acts between Joseph and Mary because the bible says in Luke 1:18 that before they [Mary and Joseph] came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. Also, His birth was considered to be by “her seed” and not man’s (Genesis 3:15). Again, every person that has been born, whether physically or spiritually – see 1 John 5:1 and James 1:18, is said to have been begotten. Adam and Eve are the only ones you can’t say this about regarding a physical birth because they did not enter this world through the womb of a woman, but were made by God. This is why the title “only begotten son” has to apply to Jesus. He entered this world as a man (1 Timothy 2:5) through Mary’s womb, but not through the aid of man’s seed: making Jesus the only begotten of the Father (John 1:14).
So in conclusion, When you compare scripture with scripture you can see that Jesus created all things, therefore could not have been created by God the Father. However, since Jesus did take on the likeness of men (Philippians 2:7) with his body being born from Mary’s womb, the word begotten HAS to be used by God, considering its use throughout scripture. All scripture has to be compared with other scripture because no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation (2 Peter 1:20) and when you do that, this question is simple to answer but not necessarily easy to believe. Belief comes only by hearing and receiving the word of God as truth. Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. Have you believed and trusted in Christ?
*All bible text comes from the Authorized King James Version and has been placed in this writing in bolded font. Where the text has been underlined, it is strictly for emphasis upon the writer’s discretion and is not intended to represent a change in the bible.*